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Scarborough was elected as a manor, but by Henry II's decision, it was given to the King as a fortress in 1154
This castle is perched on a triangular rocky outcrop that rises 300 feet above sea level. Archaeologists have discovered items indicating that communities existed on the site of the castle as early as the Iron Age and during the reign of the Romans. Wilhelm of Omal erected the first fortress on this location in 1130. He erected fortifications around the promontory and a tower where the citadel presently stands.
Scarborough was again besieged by Parliament troops in 1645
Henry II renovated the fortress by creating a massive citadel in place of a tower and building walls around the courtyard. King John maintained strong castle walls by expanding and enlarging them. Following it, a new royal apartment was erected, as well as a structure with a hall in the plaza and another large structure in the outer courtyard. In 1243, the new King Henry III erected a drawbridge to a castle, which was attached to a stone arch. The fortress wasn't really held for long in 1312. Its royalist defenders withstood a 5-month siege, but on July 25 of the same year, the fortress was destroyed.
History of the castle
Barracks were erected to the fortress in the middle of the 18th century and were utilized until the middle of the 19th century. Whitby was badly devastated during World War I, but it was swiftly rebuilt. Its defenders, who were on the side of the royalists, held out for five months until the castle surrendered on July 25, the year. Following the end of the conflict, the castle was converted into a jail.